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Mutlu Г¶zcan

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Özcan Geboren am Januar Seit Berliner. Verheiratet, 2 Kinder. Ausbildung zum Informationselektroniker an der TU-Berlin. Direkt zum Inhalt; Zur Navigation; Seitenleiste mit weiterführenden Informationen; Zum Fußbereich. Özcan Mutlu – Bundestagsabgeordneter für Berlin-Mitte. Özcan Mutlu (* Januar in Kelkit, Türkei) ist ein deutscher Politiker (​Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) und Präsident des Behinderten- und. Nejnovější tweety od uživatele Özcan Mutlu (@OezcanMutlu). Mitglied des Bundestages / Federal Alman Milletvekili / Präsident Behinderten u. White Bean & Thyme VEGAN Pot Pies in just 10 ingredients! I don't even like white beans, but I'd like to try these! Başkaları ne diyor? DIY now for your broken​.

Mutlu Г¶zcan

Direkt zum Inhalt; Zur Navigation; Seitenleiste mit weiterführenden Informationen; Zum Fußbereich. Özcan Mutlu – Bundestagsabgeordneter für Berlin-Mitte. Bereits auf Anfrage meines damaligen Kollegen Özcan Mutlu (Bündnis нельзя больше бойкотировать Европейские игры г. в Минске. White Bean & Thyme VEGAN Pot Pies in just 10 ingredients! I don't even like white beans, but I'd like to try these! Başkaları ne diyor? DIY now for your broken​. Mutlu Г¶zcan Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Dort war er zuständig für check this out Europa- und Türkeipolitik seiner Fraktion. Individuelle Erläuterungen zu den veröffentlichungspflichtigen Angaben befinden sich auf der Homepage learn more here Özcan Mutlu. Deutschen Bundestages. Jahrhundert Politiker Bei der Bundestagswahl kandidierte Mutlu als Direktkandidat im Bundestagswahlkreis Berlin-Mitte und war zugleich auf Listenplatz 2 der Grünen Bundestagsliste nominiert. Von Oktober bis September war er Mitglied des Abgeordnetenhauses von Berlinund erhielt er ein Direktmandat und vertrat den Wahlkreis Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg 3 im Abgeordnetenhaus. Özcan Mutlu. Politiker/inPräsident Behinderten- und Rehasportverband Berlin Mitglied des Bundestages / Federal Alman Milletvekili / Sport -und. Özcan Mutlu, Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. Diplom-Ingenieur. Wortbildmarke der Bundestagsfraktion Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. Bereits auf Anfrage meines damaligen Kollegen Özcan Mutlu (Bündnis нельзя больше бойкотировать Европейские игры г. в Минске. Sieh dir an, was Yasemin Mutlu (yaseminmutlu) auf Pinterest entdeckt hat und balayage Frisur Und Bart, Frisur Hochgesteckt, Dilara Özcan, Bart Ideen.

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Die Höhe der Einkünfte aus einer Tätigkeit bezeichnet nicht das zu versteuernde Einkommen. Direkt zum Hauptinhalt springen Direkt zum Hauptmenü springen. Zum Inhalt der veröffentlichungspflichtigen Click here im Übrigen siehe auch die Hinweise zur Veröffentlichung der Angaben nach Mutlu Г¶zcan Verhaltensregeln im Amtlichen Handbuch und auf den Internetseiten des Deutschen Bundestages. KelkitTürkei. Mutlu ist alevitisch [1]lebt seit in Berlin und erhielt die deutsche Staatsangehörigkeit. Dort war er zuständig für die Europa- und Türkeipolitik seiner Fraktion. Soweit sich für anzeigepflichtige Tätigkeiten, die in Personen- oder Kapitalgesellschaften ausgeübt werden, Bruttobeträge nicht ermitteln lassen, werden die ausgekehrten Anteile am Gesellschaftsgewinn mit der Angabe "Gewinn" click here. Startseite Abgeordnete Abgeordnete der Veröffentlichung Abstimmungsthema Abstimmungsverhalten weitere Abstimmungen weniger anzeigen. Mutlu ist alevitisch [1]lebt seit Mutlu Г¶zcan Berlin und erhielt die deutsche Staatsangehörigkeit. Danach schloss sich von bis eine berufliche Tätigkeit als Planungsingenieur here einem Telekommunikationsunternehmen an. Individuelle Erläuterungen zu den veröffentlichungspflichtigen Angaben befinden sich auf der Homepage von Özcan Mutlu. Bei der Bundestagswahl check this out Mutlu als Direktkandidat im Bundestagswahlkreis Berlin-Mitte und war zugleich auf Listenplatz 2 der Grünen Bundestagsliste nominiert. Bei der Bundestagswahl trat Mutlu wieder im Bundestagswahlkreis Mitte an. Er zog aber über die Landesliste in den Bundestag ein. Unberücksichtigt bleiben insbesondere eigene Aufwendungen, Werbungskosten und sonstige Kosten aller Art. Zum Inhalt der veröffentlichungspflichtigen Angaben im Übrigen siehe auch die Hinweise zur Veröffentlichung der Angaben nach den Verhaltensregeln im Amtlichen Handbuch und auf den Internetseiten des Deutschen Bundestages. Direkt zum Hauptinhalt springen Direkt zum Hauptmenü springen. Here Politiker Abschluss: Diplom-Ingenieur der Nachrichtentechnik.

Licenses for the software can be purchased from here or from one of the distributors. Multiecuscan 4. The program is free for personal use with some limitations see table below and Supported Vehicles List.

You can download it from the link below. It supports a large number of modules in Fiat, Alfa and Lancia vehicles. In order to use this version you need to buy a license.

You will also need an interface please check which interfaces are compatible with your car in Supported Vehicles List.

You may also need an adapter cable in order to access certain modules in your car you can check if you need an adapter in the Supported Vehicles List.

You can buy a license from this web site or from one of the distributors. The license of the software in this bundle is locked to the interface and you may install it on any number of computers but you can use it only with the included interface.

You can buy the bundle from this web site using PayPal or from one of the distributors. This is diagnostics software for mobile devices.

In order to use FESmobile you need to have a license. The license is free for everyone who has a license for multiecuscan. The software reads data from vehicle's CAN network and displays it on screen.

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During this period, he served in a number of parliamentary commissions, responsible particularly for policies of education, integration and migration as well as policies for Europe and Turkey.

Mutlu was nominated by his party for the federal election ; however, he missed the entry into the Bundestag. Following the federal election , Mutlu won a seat in the Bundestag.

He was one of the eleven politicians of Turkish descent who entered the federal parliament, including seven women.

When Mutlu voted in a favor of a symbolic resolution in that remembered and condemned the Armenian Genocide by Ottoman forces, which Turkey refuses to acknowledge, he became one of eleven MPs of Turkish origin who received increased police protection and further security measures for both their professional and private activities.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Özcan Mutlu. Dünya in Turkish. Retrieved Links to related articles. Members of the 18th Bundestag Speaker: Volker Kauder.

Members: Steinbach. List of members of the 18th Bundestag.

Our current endeavor is anticipating our customers' needs, improve their quality processes and optimize their Secret Admirer. The same procedure was click with the remaining subgroups. Clinical Significance: The endodontic access preparation through a restoration is known to be a common challenge in clinical practice. Intraoral digital scansdPart 1: Influence of ambient scanning light conditions on the accuracy trueness and precision of different intraoral scanners. The purpose of Kostenl study was to determine the depth of cure and the type and amount of monomers released from bulk-fill composites in different curing protocols. Bond strengths of five tapered root posts regarding Sonja Merz post surface. Each main group was subdivided randomly into two subgroups according to the Mutlu Г¶zcan used. The installation program is the same for all editions. We will not reply to any email from users of this software and will not provide any support to . Fatigue tests utilising cyclic loading typically simulate masticatory function in vitro. Prior to their clinical application, all implant components have to demonstrate suitable durability in laboratory studies. The 3-piece AM clear indexes provided advantages compared with conventional procedures, including accurate reproduction of the digital diagnostic waxing, control of index thickness, various insertion paths of the silicone indices, flexibility of the indices, and online storage of the Mutlu Г¶zcan. DentistryOsseointegrationand Bone Loss. This article reviews the main polymer Paysafe Paypal Aufladen technologies in implant dentistry, as well as their applications in the field such as manufacturing surgical guides, custom trays, working implant casts, and provisional restorations. Co-Cr and Ti AM frameworks for implant-supported prostheses provide a clinically https://be-somebody.co/online-casino-bonus-guide/beste-spielothek-in-hrnner-finden.php discrepancy at the implant-prostheses interface. The gap percentage was higher in the bottom compared to the top. Conclusion: CoCr and highly polished monolitic zirconia produced less surface roughness and similar antagonist wear compared to glazed or unglazed zirconia.

Mutlu Г¶zcan Video

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Mutlu Г¶zcan Video

Doğum Günü Ayşe Bebek Aachen Germany STUDIO'FF 4K Tek Part Wahlperiode M. Bei der Bundestagswahl trat Mutlu wieder im Bundestagswahlkreis Mitte an. Soweit sich für anzeigepflichtige Tätigkeiten, die in Personen- oder Kapitalgesellschaften ausgeübt werden, Bruttobeträge nicht ermitteln lassen, werden die ausgekehrten Anteile am Gesellschaftsgewinn mit der Angabe Beste Spielothek in Dudendorf finden veröffentlicht Zum Inhalt der veröffentlichungspflichtigen Angaben im Mutlu Г¶zcan Hoopa Mighty auch die Hinweise zur Veröffentlichung der Angaben nach den Verhaltensregeln im Amtlichen Handbuch und auf den Internetseiten des Deutschen Bundestages. Soweit https://be-somebody.co/online-casino-bonus-guide/kontosperrung-grgnde.php für anzeigepflichtige Tätigkeiten, die in Personen- oder Kapitalgesellschaften ausgeübt werden, Bruttobeträge nicht ermitteln lassen, werden die ausgekehrten Anteile am Dr Wortmann mit der Angabe "Gewinn" veröffentlicht. Veröffentlichung Abstimmungsthema Abstimmungsverhalten weitere Abstimmungen weniger anzeigen. Geboren am Unberücksichtigt bleiben insbesondere eigene Aufwendungen, Werbungskosten und sonstige Kosten aller Art. KelkitTürkei.

Multiecuscan 1. The subscription for iOS version can be purchased from the App Store, and it is not linked to the license for Windows version.

The problem can be easily fixed by simply removing one resistor from the interface. In order to use the software you need an interface.

The installation program is the same for all editions. You can download current version from here: Download Multiecuscan 4.

We cannot take any responsibility for incorrect operation of non-geniune software and the problems it may cause to your computer and vehicle.

We will not reply to any email from users of this software and will not provide any support to them. The geniune software has digital signature and can be downloaded from this web site.

Licenses for the software can be purchased from here or from one of the distributors. Multiecuscan 4. The program is free for personal use with some limitations see table below and Supported Vehicles List.

You can download it from the link below. It supports a large number of modules in Fiat, Alfa and Lancia vehicles. In order to use this version you need to buy a license.

You will also need an interface please check which interfaces are compatible with your car in Supported Vehicles List.

You may also need an adapter cable in order to access certain modules in your car you can check if you need an adapter in the Supported Vehicles List.

You can buy a license from this web site or from one of the distributors. The license of the software in this bundle is locked to the interface and you may install it on any number of computers but you can use it only with the included interface.

The working cast was digitized using a laboratory scanner E4 Dental Scanner; 3Shape and the reference standard tessellation language STL file was obtained.

Two groups were created based on the extension of the maxillary digital scans performed namely complete-arch CA group and right quadrant RQ groups.

The STL R file was used to analyze the discrepancy between the digitized working cast and digital scans using MeshLab software. Results: Significant difference in the trueness and precision values were found across different lighting conditions where RL condition obtained the lowest absolute error compared with the other lighting conditions tested followed by CL, NL, and ZL.

On the RQ group, CL condition presented the lowest absolute error when compared with the other lighting conditions evaluated.

A pair-wise multicomparison showed no significant difference between NL and ZL conditions. In all groups, the standard deviation was higher than the mean errors from the control mesh, indicating that the relative precision was low.

Conclusions: Light conditions significantly influenced on the scanning accuracy of the IOS evaluated.

RL condition obtained the lowest absolute error value of the digital scans performed. The extension of the digital scan was a scanning accuracy influencing factor.

The higher the extension of the digital scan performed, the lower the accuracy values obtained. Furthermore, ambient light scanning conditions influenced differently depending on the extension of the digital scans made.

Intraoral scanner IOS devices provide a clinically acceptable alternative to conventional impression making for tooth and implant-supported crowns and short-span fixed dental prostheses.

Evaluation of zirconia and zirconia-reinforced glass ceramic systems fabricated for minimal invasive preparations using a novel standardization method.

Objective: Currently, minimal invasive approaches combining less invasive finish line preparations and reduced ceramic thickness are required.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of two ceramic systems fabricated Materials and methods: Forty intact human maxillary premolars were divided into two main groups according to the preparation technique.

Group H Horizontal : teeth with shoulder finish line and group V Vertical : teeth with feather edge. Each main group was subdivided randomly into two subgroups according to the material used.

Evaluation of Chemical and Physical Properties. Composite samples were divided as follows: in Group I immediate , samples were polished immediately after curing t 0 ; in Group D delayed , samples were polished after 24 h from curing t 24 , whereas the unpolished samples were considered as controls Group C.

Qualitative evaluations of scanning electron micrographs showed that the surface morphology of MET presented a more irregular aspect than the DMET one.

In summary, since the immediate polishing of MET can improve the DC, without negatively affecting VMH, but showing an irregular surface, it is suggested to wait 24 hours before proceeding with polishing.

Intraoral digital scans: Part 2dinfluence of ambient scanning light conditions on the mesh quality of different intraoral scanners. Intraoral digital scansdPart 1: Influence of ambient scanning light conditions on the accuracy trueness and precision of different intraoral scanners.

Effects of manufacturing methods on the survival rate of ceramic and indirect composite restorations: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Results: A total of 13 articles 12 for ceramic, one for indirect composite met the inclusion criteria. No articles were included regarding crystalline ceramic.

Conclusions: Regardless of the manufacturing method, vitreous ceramic inlays, onlays, and overlays showed high survival, providing evidence that these restorations are a safe treatment.

Clinical relevance: Vitreous ceramic inlays, onlays, and overlays showed high survival, regardless of the manufacturing method, providing evidence that these restorations are a safe treatment.

Influence of scan body design and digital implant analogs on implant replica position in additively manufactured casts.

A definitive implant cast should accurately represent the 3D implant position of the patient's mouth in relation to the surrounding intraoral tissues.

Additive manufacturing AM technologies can be used to fabricate definitive casts for implant-supported restorations.

However, information regarding the accuracy of the implant replica position on the polymeric AM cast generated with different scan bodies and digital implant replica systems is lacking.

The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare with a conventional stone cast the linear and angular discrepancies of the implant analog positions in a polymeric AM cast obtained from 3 different scan body and digital implant replica systems.

A partially edentulous maxillary typodont with 3 implant replicas Implant replica RP Branemark system; Nobel Biocare was prepared.

For the Elos Medtech subgroup, the corresponding scan bodies were placed on each implant, and the typodont was digitized by using a laboratory scanner E3 scanner; 3Shape.

The same procedure was repeated with the remaining subgroups. The Shapiro-Wilk test revealed that the data were not normally distributed.

The CNV group presented significantly higher linear discrepancy than the Dynamic Abutment group on the x-and y-axes. The Dynamic Abutment group had significantly better accuracy for the mesiodistal and buccolingual implant replica positions than the CNV group, but the conventional procedures had significantly better results for the apicocoronal implant replica position.

Scan body and digital implant replica design systems only influenced the accuracy of the angular implant replica position on the AM casts.

Bonding to industrial indirect composite blocks: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Available online xxx Keywords: Bonding Composite resin Indirect composite block a b s t r a c t Objective.

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of surface conditioning methods on the bond strength The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of surface conditioning methods on the bond strength of industrial indirect composite blocks ICs.

In vitro studies evaluating the effects of surface conditioning on the bond strength of ICs were selected.

The meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the mean difference between surface-conditioned ICs and unconditioned controls. Subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate the different surface conditioning methods, separately for polymer-infiltrated ceramic network PICN material and the ICs with dispersed fillers ICDFs.

Meta-analyses were performed with a random-effects model at a significance level of 0. Results and Significance. From relevant studies, 25 were selected for full-text analysis.

Nineteen studies were eligible for inclusion in this systematic review, whereas 9 studies were included in the meta-analysis. A manual search of the principal periodicals specific to the area resulted in no additional articles.

The meta-analysis indicated a significant difference in bond strength between the surface-conditioned ICs and controls under both non-aged and aged conditions.

The combination of mechanical and chemical conditioning yielded the highest bond strength of ICs. This meta-analysis suggests that chemical etching followed by a universal primer and alumina air abrasion followed by a silane coupling agent could be considered the best strategy for optimizing the bond strength of PICN materials and ICDFs under aged conditions, respectively.

The substrate was roughened with grit sandpaper, simulating a fine-grit diamond bur. Shear bond strength and ARI were assessed.

Shear bond strengths and ARI scores were compared with those of groups 3, 6. Roughening with a coarser bur resulted in a significant increase in adhesion.

Effect of self-etching ceramic primer on bond strength of zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramics. Two hundred and seventy block-specimens of two types of ZLS ceramics and one type of lithium disilicate LS ceramics were prepared.

Resin cement was applied, and light-cured for build-up. Shear bond strength SBS test was used. The failure modes were evaluated using scanning electron microscope SEM.

Mixed failure followed by adhesive failure were the most common failure modes in groups 2 and 3, whereas pre-test failure was only detected in group 1.

Considering the limitations of the study, with respect to in vitro bond strength, the SECP is an alternative for the conditioning of internal surface of glass ceramics.

No tooth sensitivity change is detected with the application of partial ceramic indirect restorations. This clinical study could not confirm that immediate dentin sealing is more advantageous than delayed dentin sealing in terms of tooth This clinical study could not confirm that immediate dentin sealing is more advantageous than delayed dentin sealing in terms of tooth sensitivity or patient satisfaction with 1 year of clinical service of partial ceramic restorations.

SUMMARY This prospective randomized clinical trial evaluated tooth sensitivity and patient satisfaction after the provision of partial ceramic restorations bonded using immediate IDS or delayed dentin sealing DDS on vital molar teeth through a within-subject comparison study.

Between December and May , a total of 30 patients 13 women, 17 men; mean age, 54 years old received two lithium disili-cate ceramic IPS-e.

The effect of scanning the palate and scan body position on the accuracy of complete-arch implant scans.

Background: Whether stitching the palate during intraoral digital scans of implants. Forty conical cavities 4.

After 24h in water, marginal adaptation was evaluated by staining with a caries detector. Push-out bond strength test was performed in a universal testing machine 0.

The gap percentage was higher in the bottom compared to the top. Push-out bond strength were similar among composites.

Effect of pH variation on the subcritical crack growth parameters of glassy matrix ceramics.

The goals of our study were to calculate the subcritical crack growth SCG parameters of two veneering ceramics stored in water or Streptococcus mutans S.

Feldspar VM Some specimens were indented with a Vickers diamond and the crack dimensions were measured. The specimens were fractured for a calculation of inert strength or further stored in water or submitted to pH variation, under preloading tension.

Weibull analysis was conducted on non-indented specimens. XPS was performed as qualitative analysis. The subcritical crack of leucite ceramic did not vary with the media storage, but the glass-ceramic experienced a retarded growth after pH variation.

The materials presented low Weibull modulus. Qualitative elemental analyses showed chemical modification on both ceramics. Therefore, the crack growth of leucite-reinforced ceramic was less affected by the environment pH than glass-ceramic.

The present article describes the resin infiltration technique to address white spots lesions presented on anterior and premolar teeth of a young patient after orthodontic treatment and the digital workflow for planning a diastema closure The present article describes the resin infiltration technique to address white spots lesions presented on anterior and premolar teeth of a young patient after orthodontic treatment and the digital workflow for planning a diastema closure on the maxillary anterior teeth using facial photographs, an intraoral scanner, a facially driven diagnostic waxing using a dental computer-aided design CAD software, and 3-piece additive manufactured AM clear silicone indices.

The virtual design of the silicone indices was completed using an open-source CAD software and included a flexible clear buc-cal piece, flexible clear lingual piece, and rigid clear custom tray.

The resin infiltration technique RIT has been described as an effective non-invasive treatment for white spot lesions WSL after orthodontic treatment.

Effect of surface conditioning methods on the microtensile bond strength of repair composite to indirect restorative materials.

Workflow of a fiber-reinforced composite fixed dental prosthesis by using a 4-piece additive manufactured silicone index: A dental technique.

A digital cast-free clinical workflow for oral rehabilitation with removable partial dentures: A dental technique. Digital workflow for an esthetic rehabilitation using a facial and intraoral scanner and an additive manufactured silicone index: A dental technique.

An appropriate treatment plan from a diagnostic waxing is integral to successful esthetic treatment. The DLP projector displays the image of the 3D model on the liquid photopolymer.

Flexible silicone indices were designed as 2 pieces, labial and lingual, which were adapted into a clear rigid custom tray. The workflow facilitated the esthetic treatment of maxil-lary anterior teeth.

ABSTRACT The present article describes a digital workflow for planning an esthetic treatment by using a facial and intraoral scanner, the dental and open-source software design of a facially generated diagnostic waxing, and additive manufactured AM clear silicone indices.

A virtual design was created to fabricate a unique 3-piece AM index composed of flexible, clear silicone at the labial and lingual aspects and a rigid clear custom tray.

The 3-piece AM clear indexes provided advantages compared with conventional procedures, including accurate reproduction of the digital diagnostic waxing, control of index thickness, various insertion paths of the silicone indices, flexibility of the indices, and online storage of the designs.

Peri-implant tissue management after immediate implant placement using a customized healing abutment. Objective: The unavoidable extraction of teeth in the esthetic area can be overcome through different treatment modalities.

Recently, immediate implants appeared as a minimally invasive approach to resolving these cases; however, Recently, immediate implants appeared as a minimally invasive approach to resolving these cases; however, immediate implant loading is not always possible or indicated.

In these cases, an innovative approach through customized healing abutments could be used to preserve the soft tissue contour , eliminating the need for reopening surgery and the use of provisional restorations to condition the mucosal contour.

Workflow description of additively manufactured clear silicone indexes for injected provisional restorations: A novel technique.

Digital tools and 3D printing technologies integrated into the workflow of restorative treatment: A clinical report. Esthetic and functional rehabilitation of bilateral congenital absence of maxillary lateral incisors: Minimally invasive surgical and prosthetic approach more.

Objective: Congenital absence of maxillary lateral incisors is a frequent clinical challenge which must be solved by a multidisciplinary approach in order to obtain an esthetic and functional restorative treatment.

Noninvasive treatments, Noninvasive treatments, that are in accordance with the patients' expectations , should be the first therapeutic alternative.

If the deciduous tooth is present, minimally invasive dental extraction followed by immediate dental implant placement and provisional restoration is indicated.

In this restorative treatment, an adequate emergency profile can be achieved by peri-implant soft-tissue-conditioning techniques.

Moreover, the association of restorative materials, such as composite resins and dental ceramics, provides more predictable esthetic results.

Clinical Considerations: The present case report presents a rehabilitation of bilateral congenital absence of maxillary lateral incisors through a multidisciplinary approach.

Dental implants, long-term provisional restoration, tooth bleaching, minimally veneered high-translucent monolithic zirconia crowns, feldspathic veneers, and composite restorations were used by the dental team to achieve the expected functional and esthetic outcomes.

Conclusions: Different treatment modalities are available for the rehabilitation of congenital absence of teeth. However, it is important that a dental team consider performing minimally invasive treatments, as many of these treatments are done on young patients.

Clinical Significance: Patient-centered treatments involving minimally invasive approaches in a multidisciplinary environment would be appropriate in order to achieve predictable results.

A report on a diagnostic digital workflow for esthetic dental rehabilitation using additive manufacturing technologies more. New fabrication method using additive manufacturing technologies for the pattern of pressed lithium disilicate onlay restorations more.

ABsTRACT The digital workflow in dentistry allows for complete digital processing of the restoration starting with the digital impression using an intraoral scanner to until the fabrication of final reconstruction.

Recent advances in 3D printing technologies opened new possibilities also for dental technicians through which wax-up and casting procedures in the laboratories could be eliminated.

In this clinical report, a technique is described where the pattern was fabricated using additive manufacturing for pressed lithium disilicate onlay restorations.

AbstRAct Acrylic resins are widely used in dentistry, especially in orthodontics and prosthetics. Patients: this article reports the case of a leukodermic year-old male who reported discomfort and pain due to an erythematous lesion in the upper first left premolar 24 after the placement of an acrylic resin temporary restoration.

Discussion: The signs and symptoms presented by the patient and his report of visiting the rural countryside generated concern regarding the possible diagnosis, which led to a more invasive biopsy to differentiate allergic inflammation from a paracoccidioidomycosis.

Biopsy revealed a chronic inflammatory process. Conclusion: the pathology was caused by contact with methyl methacrylate-based provisional acrylic resin.

After cementation of the final crown, the inflammatory signs and symptoms disappeared. Dentistry , Phd , and DMD. A modified surgical template with dual function.

Purpose: To review the primary additive manufacturing AM technologies used to fabricate metals in implant dentistry and compare them to conventional casting and subtractive methods.

Methods: The literature on metal AM technologies was Methods: The literature on metal AM technologies was reviewed, and the AM procedures and their current applications in implant dentistry were collated and described.

All studies related to AM technology description, analysis, and evaluation of applications in implant dentistry, including AM titanium Ti dental implants, customized Ti mesh for bone grafting techniques, cobalt-chromium Co-Cr frameworks for implant impression procedures, and Co-Cr and Ti frameworks for dental implant-supported prostheses were reviewed.

Results: Literature has demonstrated the potential of AM technologies to fabricate dental implants, root-analog implants, and functionally graded implants; as well as the ability to fabricate customized meshes for bone grafting procedures.

Metal AM technologies provide a reliable method to manufacture frameworks for implant impression procedures. Co-Cr and Ti AM frameworks for implant-supported prostheses provide a clinically acceptable discrepancy at the implant-prostheses interface.

Conclusions: Additional clinical studies are required to assess the long-term clinical performance, biological and mechanical complications, and prosthetic restoration capabilities of additively manufactured dental implants.

Moreover, further studies are needed to evaluate their long-term success and survival rates and biological and mechanical complications of AM implant-supported prostheses.

An update on applications of 3D printing technologies used for processing polymers used in implant dentistry. Polymer additive manufacturing AM technologies have been incorporated in digital workflows within implant dentistry.

This article reviews the main polymer AM technologies in implant dentistry, as well as their applications in the field This article reviews the main polymer AM technologies in implant dentistry, as well as their applications in the field such as manufacturing surgical guides, custom trays, working implant casts, and provisional restorations.

Clinical factors affecting the translucency of monolithic Y-TZP ceramics. The use of monolithic yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal Y-TZP ceramics in aesthetically critical regions is questionable because of the insufficient translucency and opacity of the restorations.

Intrinsic manufacturing Intrinsic manufacturing process and extrinsic factors laboratory procedures and clinical factors can affect the translucency of monolithic zirconia.

In this narrative review, the clinical factors thickness, cementation type, colour of the monolithic zirconia, surface finishing methods and wear, dental background, cement colour, low temperature degradation affecting the translucency of monolithic Y-TZP ceramics were reported.

Factors affecting the translucency of monolithic zirconia ceramics: A review from materials science perspective..

A review on potential toxicity of dental material and screening their biocompatibility. Zirconia ceramic fixed partial dentures after cyclic fatigue tests and clinical evaluation: a systematic review.

Metal additive manufacturing technologies: Literature review of current status and prosthodontic applications more. Objectives: To review the current metal-based additive manufacturing AM technologies, namely powder bed fusion PBF technologies, and their current prosthodontic applications.

The PBF technologies reviewed are selective laser Materials and methods: The literature on metal AM technologies was considered, and the AM procedures and their current applications in prosthodontics were collated and described.

All studies related to the description, analysis, and evaluation of prosthodontic applications using metal AM technologies.

Results and conclusions: AM technologies are reliable for many applications in dentistry, including metal frameworks for removable partial dentures RPDs , overdentures, tooth-and implant-supported fixed dental prostheses FDPs , and metal frameworks for splinting implant impression abut-ments.

However, further studies are needed in future to evaluate the accuracy, reproducibility, and clinical outcome throughout function of AM technologies.

A review on chemical composition, mechanical properties, and manufacturing work flow of additively manufactured current polymers for interim dental restorations.

Reconstructive aspects: Summary and consensus statements of group 3. Influence of testing parameters on the load-bearing capacity of prosthetic materials used for fixed dental prosthesis: A systematic review.

Reparative Dentistry: Possibilities and Limitations more. Purpose of Review Defective dental restorations are amongst the most common encounters in general dental practice.

Replacement of defective restorations is often costly and commonly results in the sacrifice of sound tooth structure, Replacement of defective restorations is often costly and commonly results in the sacrifice of sound tooth structure, thereby compromising the vitality of the dental pulp, potentially resulting in the acceleration of the restoration cycle and premature loss of the restored tooth.

With advances in adhesive dentistry, 'reparative dentistry' is becoming an important area of minimally invasive dentistry.

This article highlights the detrimental biological effects of restoration replacement and provides an overview of current knowledge and understanding of restoration repair as a safe and effective alternative approach to replacement.

Recent Findings The literature reviewed showed that a growing body of evidence from clinical studies indicates that repaired restorations have similar survival outcomes in patients with low and medium caries risk compared to replaced restorations and are clinically acceptable over a year follow-up of clinical service.

Teeth with repaired restorations are less likely to require aggressive interventions such as endodontic treatment or extraction compared to those with replaced restorations.

Summary Repair options should be carried out wherever possible as minimally interventional procedures in order to increase the longevity of the remaining part of the restoration and the restored tooth unit.

Restoration replacement should be considered as the last resort when there are no other viable alternatives.

A review on chemical composition, mechanical properties, and manufacturing work flow of additively manufactured current polymers for interim dental restorations more.

Objectives: Additive manufacturing AM technologies can be used to fabricate 3D-printed interim dental restorations.

The aim of this review is to report the manufacturing workflow, its chemical composition, and the mechanical properties The aim of this review is to report the manufacturing workflow, its chemical composition, and the mechanical properties that may support their clinical application.

Overview: These new 3D-printing provisional materials are typically composed of monomers based on acrylic esters or filled hybrid material.

The most commonly used AM methods to manufacture dental provisional restorations are stereolithography SLA and material jetting MJ technologies.

To the knowledge of the authors, there is no published article that analyzes the chemical composition of these new 3D-printing materials.

Because of protocol disparities, technology selected, and parameters of the printers and material used, it is notably difficult to compare mechanical properties results obtained in different studies.

Conclusions: Although there is a growing demand for these high-tech restorations, additional information regarding the chemical composition and mechanical properties of these new provisional printed materials is required.

Clinical Significance: Additive manufacturing technologies are a current option to fabricate provisional dental restorations; however, there is very limited information regarding its chemical composition and mechanical properties that may support their clinical application.

The reinforcement of resins with short or long fibers has multiple applications in various engineering and biomedical fields.

The use of fiber reinforced composites FRCs in dentistry has been described in the literature from more than The use of fiber reinforced composites FRCs in dentistry has been described in the literature from more than 40 years.

In vitro studies evaluated mechanical properties such as flexural strength, fatigue resistance, fracture strength, layer thickness, bacterial adhesion, bonding characteristics with long fibers, woven fibers, and FRC posts.

Also, multiple clinical applications such as replacement of missing teeth by resin-bonded adhesive fixed dental prostheses of various kinds, reinforcement elements of dentures or pontics, and direct construction of posts and cores have been investigated.

In orthodontics, FRCs have been used also for active and passive orthodontic applications, such as anchorage units, en-masse movement units, and postorthodontic tooth retention.

FRCs have been extensively tested in the literature, but today the advances in new technologies involving the introduction of nanofillers or new fibers along with understanding the design principles of FRC devices open new fields of research for these materials both in vitro and in vivo.

The present review describes past and present applications of FRCs and introduces some future perspectives on the use of these materials.

Zirconia ceramic fixed partial dentures after cyclic fatigue tests and clinical evaluation: a systematic review more. Purpose: The objective of this systematic review was to elaborate the aging effect of cyclic fatigue tests on mechanical durability of all-ceramic single crowns and fixed dental prostheses FDP.

Only the studies that reported on both static fracture strength and static fracture after fatigue of all-ceramic single crowns and FDPs that allowed comparison of aging effect through cyclic loading were included.

Results: The selection process resulted in a final sample of 14 journal articles. In total, 9 articles were identified related to all-ceramic single crowns, 3 of which were on anterior and 6 on posterior crowns, and 5 articles on 3-unit FDPs, all of which were on posterior FDPs.

Fatigue cycles varied between minimum of to maximum 1,, cycles for crowns and 10, to 2,, cycles for 3-unit FDPs. The applied force during cyclic loading varied between 20 to N for single crowns and 49 to N for 3-unit FDPs.

Conclusions: An inclination for decreased static fracture strength could be observed after cyclic loading of all-ceramic single crowns and FDPs, but this was material specific.

Due to the heterogeneity of data such as aging, loading conditions, and fewer experimental groups, statistical analysis could not be performed.

Cyclic loading tests require more standardized guidelines for testing and reporting. Intraoral repair of chipped or fractured veneered zirconia crowns and fixed dental prosthesis: clinical guidelines based on literature review more.

Purpose of Review Compared to conventional casting methods used for processing different alloys for dental applications , additive manufacturing technologies reduce manufacturing time and costs, minimize human errors and prevent possible Purpose of Review Compared to conventional casting methods used for processing different alloys for dental applications , additive manufacturing technologies reduce manufacturing time and costs, minimize human errors and prevent possible defects in the cast objects.

This review highlights working mechanisms, possible advantages and drawbacks of recent additive manufacturing technologies used for metal processing in dentistry.

Recent Findings The literature reviewed indicated that powder-based fusion mainly based on selective laser sintering, selective laser melting and electro beam melting are the most commonly used technologies for 3D metal printing in dentistry for dental appliances made of CoCr and Ti6Al4V.

Although mechanical properties of 3D printed alloys could be considered satisfactory, accuracy and reproducibility data do not present consistent results.

Summary There appears room for improvement between 3D printed metals and ceramic interfaces and precision before such technologies could be favoured over conventional cast methods.

Purpose of Review Due to frequent clinical reports on chipping of the veneering ceramic applied on zirconia frameworks , non-veneered monolithic zirconia has been proposed in an attempt to improve the lifetime of metal-free fixed dental Purpose of Review Due to frequent clinical reports on chipping of the veneering ceramic applied on zirconia frameworks , non-veneered monolithic zirconia has been proposed in an attempt to improve the lifetime of metal-free fixed dental prostheses FDPs.

This review highlights the effects of mi-crostructure and chemical composition on optical properties and mechanical properties of monolithic zirconia that may be detrimental on the longevity of FDPs and the antagonist dentition.

Recent Findings The reviewed studies indicated that the lack of veneering ceramic in monolithic solutions yields to less favourable optical outcome and decreased mechanical stability.

Efforts are being made to improve translucency of mono-lithic zirconia through modifying the grain size, increasing cubic phase, and decreasing alumina content, final density and level of impurities.

Summary There appears room for improvement in the micro-structure of monolithic zirconia ceramics to achieve better optical results and low antagonist wear, without jeopardizing its mechanical properties.

Microbial colonization at the implant-abutment interface and its possible influence on periimplantitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis more.

Purpose: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the microbial colonization at the implant-abutment interfaces IAI on bone-level implants and to identify possible association with peri-implant conditions.

Due to its superior mechanical properties, yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal is considered as one of the most promising materials to manufacture prosthetic frameworks, monolithic crowns, and abutments for implants in Due to its superior mechanical properties, yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal is considered as one of the most promising materials to manufacture prosthetic frameworks, monolithic crowns, and abutments for implants in dentistry.

When stabilized in the tetragonal phase, the structure of zirconia can respond to external stress by increasing its toughness and resistance.

Fracture strength of implant abutments after fatigue testing: A systematic review and a meta-analysis. Purpose: The use of implants and their respective suprastructures to replace missing teeth has become a common therapeutic option in dentistry.

Prior to their clinical application, all implant components have to demonstrate suitable Prior to their clinical application, all implant components have to demonstrate suitable durability in laboratory studies.

Fatigue tests utilising cyclic loading typically simulate masticatory function in vitro. The objectives of this systematic review were to assess the loading conditions used for fatigue testing of implant abutments and to compare the fracture strength of different types of implant abutment and abutment-connection types after cyclic loading.

Fracture reasons in ceramic-fused-to-metal restorations. View on acmg. Evaluation of alternative intra-oral repair techniques for fractured ceramic-fused-to-metal restorations.

Dentistry , Fracture , and Ceramics. To what extent does the longevity of fixed dental prostheses depend on the function of the cement?

Penetration of Amalgam Constituents into Dentine.

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